عنوان مقاله [English]
When the Iranian clerics, on the suggestion of Ayatollah Rohullah Khomeini, opposed the Pahlavi’s measures, their move was overall supported by the seminary of Najaf. However, the supportive stances of Ayatollah Khuie was stronger than those of other religious leaders of this seminary, encouraging the clerics inside Iran. The present article is an attempt to study Ayatollah Khuie’s stances towards issues such as Asadullah Alam’s cabinet proposals, Shah’s referendum, detention and persecution of the clerics, attack on the Faiziya Seminary, detention of Ayatollah Khomeini and activists of June 5, 1963 (Khordad 15, 1342) uprising, National Consultative Assembly’s elections and other developments which led to the downfall of Asadullah Alam’s cabinet in March 1963. A review of Ayatollah Khuie’s stances indicate that compared to other religious leaders and authorities, except Imam Khomeini, he had a more radical stance and advocated stronger reactions. His fatwa on prohibition of cooperation with the Pahlavi regime was among one of the most important fatwas of the contemporary Shia ulema.