عنوان مقاله [English]
With the occupation of Iran by allays in 1320, there was a good occasion for political groups and parties to emerge. With occupation of Azarbayjan different groups and societies with various trends were established in there; groups as left societies, Royalists and Separatists..
The society of Fadakaran-e Azarbayjan with the leadership of Mohammad Dayhim and royalistic tendency as one of those groups was established in Tabriz. However the quality of their formation and level of activity in the time of occupation is ambigious for us but after 1325 with the aid of central government this society became powerful and stable. this society held not very unfriendly affairs with Dr. Mosaddegh when petrol industry was becoming national. But after the quarrel between shah and Mosaddegh became obvious, they began to frankly defend the Shah.
The main point in this article is somehow to make clear the process of establishment of this group and behavior consaidering the action of nationalizing the petrol industry and Mosaddegh government. This study based on available documents, in which tried to give a clear image of fadakran-e Azarbayjan and their behavior during the government of mosaddegh.