عنوان مقاله [English]
In order to reduce the political and economic influence of foreign banks, the demand of Iranian nation to establish the Iran National Bank was implemented in the first Pahlavi period.
At the time of its establishment, German specialists played an important role, but the embezzlement of Dr. Lindenblatt (president of the Bank) tarnished the reputation and performance of this bank. In the present article, the effect of international events on the first and the most important embezzlement of National Bank Iran is investigated. The main issue of this study is how international event affected the embezzlement of Iran National Bank. Relying on classical documents, the methodology of this article is descriptive-analytic, which compare and analyze the history of Iran and the world on the aforementioned subject.
Findings and Results: findings of this study show that shortly after the establishment of National Bank, the world experienced the biggest economic crisis. Beside this fact, the devaluation of the Iranian national currency and the pound sterling at that time paved the way for the embezzlement of the bank by the board of directors. Also, with the establishment of the League of Nations, the increasing of international relations caused Iran show the legitimacy of the new Iranian judicial system and after the abolition of the capitulation, it became popular in the world. The holding of the embezzlement trial provided a good propaganda achievement for the Iranian government in that regard.
Key words. National Bank, Lindenblatt, World Economic Crisis, New Iranian System.