عنوان مقاله [English]
Border relations between Iran and Afghanistan in 1324-1344 AH have had many ups and downs. There are several reasons for these fluctuations which are the roots of many of the current problems of Iran's relations with Afghanistan. The main cause of these issues was separation of Afghanistan from Iran. Population mobility was the most important effect of this situation and made other blind nodes, including immigration of urban population and tribal Hazarehs of the Western Afghanistan by excommunication wave of persecution against them. Illegally border crossing of Afghan tribes and people which led to the theft and insecurity in the border areas of Iran, and The flow of arms trafficking, was the other side of population movements. Internal problems of Afghanistan such as fatwas of jihad against Britain and infectious diseases took place during this period. Besides the main cause of the separation of Afghanistan, the Afghan administration's foreign policy, handed to the Britain under the Treaty Gandomak, added to the turmoil in relations. Exotic foreign policy management in Afghanistan made it impossible to solve the problem in many cases. Iran and Khorasan turbulent conditions in the 1324-1344 caused more complex issues and tensions. After the Constitution cohesion in affairs was lost and the Governors of Khorasan faced numerous urban and tribal riots. In the wake of provocations there was no concern and will to secure borders and solve the occurred problems.