عنوان مقاله [English]
According to Law, the country monopoly on foreign trade was transferred to the state in March 1931. In the new researches about the history of Iran's economy, little attention was paid to this issue. Evaluations for this case were hasty and it was not rationalized, while causes and consequences of this action are neglected. In this paper, first we mentioned some of these simplistic views, and then we studied international changes after the First World War, the effects of the economic crisis in 1930 and the Soviet domination of commerce on the Iranian agricultural economy on the drafting of this law. The findings of this research indicate that political and economic changes after World War I, in Iran, like other countries, forced government to interfere in the economy. World economic crisis of 1930, governmentalization of Russia's foreign trade and losing the value of silver as currency of Iran, made it intensified. This act of government was not the result of a long-term economic planning. But it was the result of political and economic conditions and was associated with trial and errors, while at least in the short time resulted in improvement of exports and the organized earnings of government. Also the industrialization substituting imports accelerated by government intervention, commercial companies and corporations were replaced traditional commerce and agriculture, and variant changes were occurred in the pattern of agricultural export.